Dealing With Sprains & Strains

All it takes is one wrong move carrying that extra heavy bag or enjoying yourself a little too much on your holiday to find yourself with the minor injury of a sprain or strain. While not many of us will plan to endeavor a stand up paddle trip from Denmark to Norway it’s easy to twist an ankle or feel a painful shoulder twinge lifting your stuffed backpack, signaling a sprain or strain has occurred. Knowing what your injury is and how to treat it is the first course of action. Read on to learn the best treatments for getting up and going again!

Know the difference between sprains and strains

A sprain involves the ligaments around a joint. With a sprain you stretch the ligaments that connect bone to bone along a joint. This area will often start swelling very quickly and a bruise may appear.

An ankle sprain showing signs of bruising
An ankle sprain showing signs of bruising

A strain involves the muscle itself. The muscle may be stretched, or even torn. Strains can involve major muscle groups or the tendons that attach the muscle to the bone. You’ll know these by the sharp pain and tenderness of the spot of the injury. Bruising and swelling are generally minimal.

How are sprains and strains treated?

Resting the area as soon as the injury occurs will prevent more damage. For the first twenty-four hours remember the R-I-C-E treatment. Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation. After twenty-four to forty-eight hours, warm soaks help increase blood circulation and loosens tight muscles. Keeping the body part as still as possible for a few days is the best way to ease the pain.

Over-The-Counter (OTC) treatments

When you’re on the go and it’s impossible to stay put for a few days, you’ll need to find pain relief at the pharmacy. The availability of OTC products will vary from country to country. A stop into any local pharmacy should help you identify what might be available for your specific location. Anti-inflammatory medicines (like ibuprofen, aspirin, ketoprofen, or naproxen) help a great deal in bringing down painful joint, muscle, or tendon inflammation. These can be irritating to the stomach, so be sure to take them with a meal or a snack.

Prescription Treatments

If the initial pain or swelling doesn’t get better after three days or if you are not able to put any weight on the area at all, it is a good idea to give the doctor a call. There may be more serious injury that only an x-ray can pick up. Your doctor may prescribe a pain medication or muscle relaxant for short term use. Some of these medications can make you very sleepy or groggy so use care when doing any activities that require concentration like driving a vehicle.

The availability of some of the medication suggestions here will vary from country to country. If your injury requires something more than an OTC product a local physician should be able to prescribe the best available treatment.

Happy, Healthy Travels!

The Traveling Pharmacist

Get more great travel health tips as well as spa & wellness destinations on The Traveling Pharmacist.

Learn more about the Travel Pharmacist Team – your Travel Health & Wellness Experts!

As with all medical conditions discussed on the Internet, check first with your doctor before using any alternative treatments.

7 Tips For Healthy Travel to Greece for #TBEX

The Travel Pharmacist

travel pharmacistWoo HOO! It’s almost time for the 2014 European TBEX Conference in Athens! Bring out the lists of where to stay and what to do, but how about “How to Stay Healthy” while enjoying all the fun? Here’s where The Travel Pharmacist can help!

Athens Travel Health Tips

1. Know the Top 5 Vacation Illnesses and How to Avoid Them. If, by chance, you’re not feeling 100% after all of the delicious and unique food choices, be sure to pack a few extra supplies, like loperamide or omeprazole. Just in case!

2. The weather is quite sunny both in Athens and on the surrounding Greek Islands. Bring along lots of sunscreen and apply liberally. Keep up to date on the latest products and how to use them to your best advantage with Sun Safety Tips.

3. Many of you will be on long haul flights into Greece and the last thing you’ll want to be is to be sidelined with jet lag. Here are some tips for both avoiding and treating this pesky travel baggage – Beat Jet Lag.

4. How NOT to pick up Travelers’ Diarrhea may be one of the most important articles you’ll read for travel health and your trip to Greece. You can’t be too careful where your stomach is concerned.

5. Those long haul flights into Athens can cause a serious condition called Deep Vein Thrombosis. Learn how to use compression socks properly and stay active while enduring long hours on a plane.

6. When you arrive in Athens, the real fun begins. You’ll be attending TBEX conferences, meeting new friends, and savoring all that’s wonderful about Greece. Don’t let INSOMNIA rob you of precious time networking. Know the Sleep Tips to ensure a good night’s rest.

7. Travel is a wonderful time to try new foods. Be sure to include a few of the Top 5 Happy Foods to help keep that smile plastered on your face! 🙂 Because the most important thing to do at TBEX Athens is to have fun. This will be our third TBEX conference and we’re so excited to meet new friends and old. It’s a great time and we hope you’ll enjoy it as much as we have!

Happy, Healthy Travels to Athens!